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Nov 19 2013 06:05 PM | MamaHen in Glossary

Caregiver -A person who has agreed to undertake responsibility for managing the health and well-being of a person. In some states, a patient's Primary Caregiver is afforded the same protections from arrest and sanctions as the medical marijuana patient they care for.

Cannabidiol -One of several cannabinoids in Cannabis Sativa.

Cannabinoid receptors -protein receptors to which cannabinoids bind. Two kinds of cannabinoid receptors have been discovered.

Cannabinoids -A class of chemicals that include the active "ingredients" in marijuana. There are currently three classes of cannabinoids:
1. Phytocannabinoids occur in plants, such as marijuana
2. Endocannabinoids occur naturally in the brain
3. Synthetic cannabinoids are created in laboratories and are not known to exist naturally
The most discussed cannabinoids in the medical marijuana debate are cannabinol (CBN),cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC). Note: Pediatric Cannabis Therapy does not condone the use of any synthetic cannabis

CB1 / CB2 Receptors- Cannabis-based molecules found on the surfaces of brain cells, that enable these cells to communicate with neurotransmitters, hormones, and other messenger molecules.

CBD - the chemical shorthand for Cannabidiol, the chemical in cannabis which is not psychoactive (will not get you “high”)

Clone- a branch clipping taken from a larger “mother” plant. With the correct care, the main branches of the plant can be rooted and used to start a new plant with the exact genetic makeup of the original plant. Additionally, the use of clones allows for a grower to skip the early plant cycles and generally produce flowering buds quicker than starting growth from seeds.

Compassion Club-An organized group of patients and/or caregivers joining together to supply cannabis to patients.

Decarboxilate - a chemical reaction that takes place in which carboxylic acids loose a carbon atom from a carbon chain. This process converts non-activated compounds into activated compounds to produce medicinal and psychoactive effects. When cannabis drys, it begins to decarboxylate. This process happens very slowly and incompletely over time or else very quickly and much more completely when it is heated.

Decriminalization- To remove or reduce the criminal classification or status of; especially: to repeal a strict ban on while keeping under some form of regulation. This term is used in regards to medical marijuana to refer to a lessening of the laws for possession or use of marijuana.

Dispensary - a physical location where medical marijuana in various forms is dispensed to a patient.

Dronabinol -Synthetic preparation of tetrahydrocannabinol for medical uses. Marketed under the name Marinol. Note: Pediatric Cannabis Therapy does not condone the use of any synthetic cannabis

Edible – a food product infused with an amount of cannabis that is ingested by mouth.

Endocannabinoid -A cannabinoid that naturally develops in the brain
Hash Oil -A dark green or black tar-like material made by solvent extraction of either cannabis resin or herbal cannabis.

Hemp-A soft, durable fiber produced from the Cannabis plant. Hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, which has no effect on the body. The hemp seed is high in protein as well as beneficial omega fatty acids when eaten and has a variety of culinary uses
Indica-Indica marijuana is recognized by its compact growing style with short broad leaves and dark green color. Usually growing between 3 and 6 feet tall, mature indica plants emit a strong skunky smelling aroma. The medicinal results from indica dominant strains are most often described as more of a “body effect”. Chronic pain sufferers will often find the most relief from 100% indica strains because of the extremely potent levels of THC that provide a natural pain reliever. Indicas are also helpful in treating stress and anxiety symptoms by providing an overall sense of relaxation and sedation similar to many anti-anxiety prescription medications.

Marijuana-Dried leaves and flowers of the cannabis plant, used for the variety of psychoactive and physiological effects it has when ingested.

Marinol -A man-made medicine containing the active ingredient dronabinol, synthetic delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or delta-9-THC (as it is commonly known). Note: Pediatric Cannabis Therapy does not condone the use of any synthetic cannabis.

Medible- a food product infused with an amount of cannabis that is ingested by mouth.

Medical Marijuana Collective - a group of qualified and legal patients or legal caregivers who share or are motivated in a common interest, such as the production and transfer of medical marijuana among the group.

MMJ - shorthand for medical marijuana.

Purity -The proportion of active constituent in a product. For most medical marijuana users, it often refers to the absence of additives such as pesticides and other chemicals.

Ratio- Determines how much CBD vs. THC in certain strains of cannabis.

Sativa -Sativa marijuana is recognized by its size, usually growing up to 8-12 feet tall with long thin leaves. The medicinal effects of sativa strains are much more cerebral compared to indica strains. Medical marijuana patients tend to use sativa dominant stains during the daytime because of their energetic and uplifting effects. Sativas are also helpful for treating chronic pain and general stress without the heavy sedation of an indica. Many patients that use medical marijuana throughout the course of a day utilize sativa dominant strains of cannabis to avoid the burnout feeling.

Schedule 1 – The DEA classifies drugs into five schedules, with the fifth being the least-restrictive. Schedule I controlled substance is the most restrictive category. Schedule I drugs MAY NOT be formally prescribed by any doctors anywhere. Schedule II drugs, such as cocaine and morphine, are considered to have a high potential for abuse, but also to have accepted medical uses. According to Federal law, cannabis and its extracts are Schedule 1 drugs, which is the most severely restricted class. As a result of the Schedule 1 status, research on cannabis is all but impossible to conduct since the Federal government is the only “legal” source of cannabis

Seedling – a cannabis plant that has no flowers and/or that is less than 12 inches in height and/or less than 12 inches in diameter

Strain – a term used to describe the “breed” qualities of a particular plant. Potency, smell, effect, density, among other things varies from strain to strain. The particular variety of cannabis that largely determines which compounds (cannabinoids) it will produce and in what amounts.

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) -the chemical (or cannabinoid) in marijuana/cannabis which is primarily responsible for the psychoactive or “high” effect.

Vaporization - a technique for avoiding irritating respiratory toxins in marijuana smoke by heating cannabis to a temperature where the psychoactive ingredients evaporate without causing combustion. You inhale a mist instead of actual smoke.

Wax – concentrated form of all the cannabinoid chemicals in cannabis in a form similar to the consistency of actual ear wax.

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